November 2016 Quarterly Report

The Iowa DNA Project was formed in November 2014 and on its second anniversary, has now reached 804 members.  The project is categorized as ‘geographical’, and is designed for those who have direct ancestors who lived in Iowa, or those researching collateral lines that lived in Iowa. Our focus is on autosomal, aka Family Finder results, but we also have numerous members actively investigating their mtDNA and YDNA origins.

Those new to DNA testing are especially welcome and their research aims are supported and encouraged  within the project.  If you have tested with another company, you may wish to transfer your results to FTDNA and join us.  Instructions are available here.

Key Figures

  • Total Iowa DNA Project Members: 804
  • Family Finder Tests Completed: 700
  • Average number of database wide matches per member:  1469
  • Weekly New Member Inter-Project Match Updates
  • All Iowa Counties Represented

Nuts and Bolts

The Iowa DNA Project Surname Index can be found here.  Surnames associated with specific counties can be found in our FAQ here.  Current members, if you’ve not already uploaded a gedcom and entered your surname and most distance ancestor details, you are strongly encouraged to do so. You can get detailed instructions on how to complete your profile here.

  • Total Iowa Surnames: 1056
  • Members with Family Trees: 579
  • Members with listed Surnames:  704
  • Members with listed Most Distant Ancestors: 624

Iowan Family Groups

The long term goal of the Iowa DNA Project is the inclusion of multiple generations and extended family members who have taken the Family Finder test.  These family groups assist in helping inter-project matches determine how they may be connected and which branch of their family trees to examine further.  We have teamed up with Göran Runfeld of dnagen.net  to trial his ICW Tool to map out the inter-connectedness of the entire Iowa DNA project.   Below is a graphical depiction of the current connections between our members.

membership-relations

Using the ICW Tool gives Iowa DNA Project members easy access to a variety of additional information and charts including a tabulation of our members’ Suggested Relationships.  As you can see, our members are actively recruiting close family members to test.

Suggested Relationships

  • Parent/Child: 168
  • Full Siblings: 154
  • 1st Cousin: 56
  • 2nd Cousin: 224
  • 3rd Cousin: 203
  • 4th Cousin: 546

More can be learned about the process and results here*.

*Detailed information is available to Iowa DNA Project members

Haplogroups

Project YDNAAs expected, the most common Y haplogroup is R and its subclades, with I and its subclades the second most common.  To date,  44 project members have completed the Big Y test.  If you are interested in getting closer to your terminal SNP but aren’t interested in the price tag of the Big Y, there are numerous reasonably priced SNP packs available to help get you further down the phylotree*.  Given the current seasonal sales and discounts, there is no better time to push your research forward.

Member YDNA Haplogroups

  • R-M269: 126
  • R (excluding R-M269): 73
  • I: 58
  • E: 9
  • G: 8
  • J: 5
  • N: 3
  • B: 1
  • C: 1
  • Q: 1
  • T: 1

More information on the project’s patriarchs and YDNA results can be found here.

*If you are unsure, check with your Haplogroup’s administrator for guidance on which SNP pack is suitable for you.

Project mtDNA:  The most common mtDNA continues to be H and its subclades with a variety of other haplogroups also represented.  In comparing the current haplogroup breakdown to the previous report, it is clear that with additional members testing, there has been a major reshuffling of the represented mtDNA.  Currenly, 221 project members have completed Full Mitochondrial Sequencing.

Member  mtDNA Haplogroups:

  • H: 120
  • U: 41
  • T: 33
  • K: 31
  • J: 25
  • W:  10
  • V: 8
  • I: 7
  • L: 3
  • X: 2
  • A: 2
  • B: 2
  • HV: 2
  • RO: 1
  • N: 1
  • HVO:1
  • C: 1

Complete information on our project’s mtDNA matriarchs, statistics and mutations can be found here.

Declared Countries of YDNA and mtDNA Origin

y-country-of-origin

mtdna-country-of-origin

MyOrigins Leaderboard

Based on percentage points per member, the Iowa DNA Project populations are listed below in order of frequency.  Descriptions of each population cluster can be found here.  Additional admixture tools can be found at Gedmatch.

On the whole, as our numbers have risen since last August, the populations seen in the project have remained at generally consistent levels with two exceptions.  Members with Western and Central European have seen a slight increase over those with Scandinavian ancestry .  Members with Native American and Northeast Asian ancestry have continued to rise.

  • British Isles 42,937
  • Western and Central Europe 25,642
  • Scandinavia 25,151
  • Southern Europe 7,345
  • Eastern Europe 5,128
  • Finland and Northern Siberia 804
  • Asia Minor 723
  • West Africa 397
  • Ashkenazi Diaspora 285
  • Eastern Middle East 284
  • Native American 236
  • Central Asia 225
  • Northeast Asia 143
  •  (Blended Population Cluster) Eastern, Western and Central European 100
  • ECW Euro 100
  • North Africa 83
  • East Central Africa 16
  • South-Central Africa 9

100% Club:

  • 100% British Isles 8 members
  • 100% Western and Central Europe 3 members
  • 100% Scandinavian 2 members
  • 100% Eastern, Western and Central European 1 member
  • 100% Scandinavian, Western Central European 1 member

Ancient Origins

FTDNA has added the Ancient Origins calculator to its list of offerings, and describes it as, “The European Continent has been witness to many episodes of human migration, some of which have spanned over thousands of years. The most up-to-date research into these ancient migrations on the European Continent suggests that there were three major groups of people that have had a lasting effect on present day peoples of European descent: Hunter-Gatherers, Early Farmers, and Metal Age Invaders.”  Now, those who have taken the Family Finder test can learn more about their deep origins.

In general, across the board project members are returning roughly equal proportions of Hunter Gatherer and Early Farmers, with additional 10-15% Metal Age Invader ancestry.  Detailed information on the calculator and how to use this new tool can be found here .

Ancient Origins Leaderboard

  • Hunter Gatherers  27,247
  • Early Farmers 26,036
  • Metal Age Invaders 8857
  • Non-European 780

Coming Results:

With the current fantastic seasonal sales and existing member bonus discounts FTDNA members are enjoying, we have a slew of kits on order and waiting to be processed.  Currently, orders expected by the lab are: 1 Family Finder, 1 YDNA 25 Marker, 1 YDNA 67 Marker, 1 YDNA 111 Marker, 6 mtDNA Full Sequence, 1 Factoid and 1 SNP test.   Current members, please keep in mind you cannot be checked for inter-project matches without a completed and unlocked Family Finder test.

From the FTDNA lab, we are waiting for the following results:  2 mtFull Sequence, 2 mtDNA Plus, 4 Big Y, 1 YDNA 67, 3 YDNA 111, 3 Y Haplogroup Backbone (3 delayed), 5 SNP Packs, 1  individual SNPS and 2 Family Finders.

Do You have Iowan Roots?

If you have Iowan roots, you are very welcome to join and encouraged to collaborate, share your family’s history, and find connections with your fellow Iowans.

You can read more about the benefits of joining a project at FTDNA here .  If you would like to join the Iowa DNA Project, please visit our homepage here.  The project has converted to MyGroups and has activated its Activity Feed to encourage collaboration. The Feed may be accessed after joining and of course our links section, which contains tutorials for FTDNA users and case studies,  is available to all.

 

 

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August 2016 Quarterly Report

The Iowa DNA Project was formed in November 2014 and has now reached 713 members.  The project is categorized as ‘geographical’, and is designed for those who have direct ancestry in Iowa, as well as those researching collateral lines that lived in Iowa. Our focus is on autosomal, aka Family Finder results, but we also have many members testing and actively researching their mtDNA and YDNA origins.

Those new to DNA testing are especially welcome and their research aims are supported and encouraged  within the project.  If you have tested with another company, you may wish to transfer your results to FTDNA and join us.  Instructions on how to transfer your raw results are available here.

Key Figures

  • Total Iowa DNA Project Members: 713
  • Family Finder Tests Completed: 577
  • Average number of database wide matches per member: 26
  • Highest number of Inter-Project matches per member: 853
  • Weekly Inter-Project Match Updates
  • All Iowa Counties Represented

Nuts and Bolts

The Iowa DNA Project Surname Index can be found here.  Surnames associated with specific counties can be found in our FAQ here.  Current members, if you’ve not already uploaded a gedcom and entered your Surname and Most Distant Ancestor details, you are strongly encouraged to do so. You can get detailed instructions on how to complete your profile here.

  • Total Iowa Surnames: 989
  • Members with Family Trees: 461
  • Members with listed Surnames:  553
  • Members with listed Most Distant Ancestors: 487

Iowan Family Groups

The long term goal of the Iowa DNA Project is the inclusion of multiple generations and extended family members who have taken the Family Finder test.  These family groups assist in helping inter-project matches determine how they may be connected and which branch of their family trees to examine further to prove their connections.  In October 2015, we teamed up with Göran Runfeld of dnagen.net  to trial his ICW Tool and to map out the interconnectedness of the entire Iowa DNA project.   Below is a depiction of the current extended connections between our members.

Nodes

Using the ICW Tool gives Iowa DNA Project members easy access to a variety of additional information and charts including a tabulation of our members’ Suggested Relationships.  As you can see, Iowa DNA Project members are actively recruiting close family to test.

Suggested Relationships

  • Parent/Child: 125
  • Full Siblings: 89
  • Grandparent/Grandchild/Half Siblings: 34
  • Aunt/Uncle/Niece/Nephew: 40
  • 1st Cousin: 67
  • 2nd Cousin: 108
  • 3rd Cousin: 154
  • 4th Cousin: 391

Match Count

More can be learned about the ICW Tool’s process and results here.   Detailed information and full access to charts and figures is available to project members.

Haplogroups

Project YDNAAs expected, the most common Y haplogroup is R and its subclades, with I and its subclades being the second most common.  To date,   38 project members have completed the Big Y test.  If you are interested in getting closer to your terminal SNP but aren’t thrilled about the price tag of the Big Y, there are reasonably priced SNP packs available to help get you further down the phylotree*.

  • R-M269: 108
  • R (excluding R-M269): 66
  • I: 55
  • E: 8
  • G: 7
  • J: 4
  • N: 3
  • B: 1
  • C: 1
  • T: 1

More information on the project’s patriarchs and YDNA results can be found here.

*If you are unsure, check with your Haplogroup’s administrator for advice on which, if any SNP pack is suitable for you.

Project mtDNA:  The most common mtDNA continues to be H and its subclades with a variety of other haplogroups also represented.   196 project members have completed Full Mitochondrial Sequencing.

Member Haplogroups:

  • H: 106
  • U: 34
  • K: 30
  • T: 28
  • J: 21
  • W: 8
  • V: 7
  • I: 7
  • L: 3
  • B: 2
  • HV: 2
  • HVO:2
  • X: 2
  • C: 1
  • A: 1
  • RO: 1
  • N: 1

Complete information on our project’s mtDNA matriarchs, statistics and mutations can be found here.

Declared Countries of YDNA and mtDNA Origin

YDNA Countries of Origin

mtDNA Countries of Origin

MyOrigins Leaderboard

Based on percentage points per member, the Iowa DNA Project populations are listed below in order of frequency.  Descriptions of each population cluster can be found here. For the calculator junkies, additional admixture tools can be found at Gedmatch.

On the whole, as our numbers have risen, the populations seen in the project have remained at generally consistent levels. In the last 3 months, project members with calculated Western and Central European ancestry have risen slightly to surpass those with calculated Scandinavian origins.

  • British Isles 40,519
  • Western and Central Europe 24,018
  • Scandinavia 23,790
  • Southern Europe 6811
  • Eastern Europe 4758
  • Finland and Northern Siberia 744
  • Asia Minor 656
  • West Africa 393
  • Ashkenazi Diaspora 285
  • Eastern Middle East 265
  • Native American 233
  • Central Asia 169
  • Northeast Asia 143
  • (Blended Population Cluster) Eastern, Western and Central European 100
  • Scandinavian Western Central and Eastern European 100
  • North Africa 76
  • East Central Africa 16
  • South-Central Africa 9

100% Club:

  • 100% British Isles 8 members
  • 100% Western and Central Europe 3 members
  • 100% Scandinavian 2 member
  • 100% Eastern, Western and Central European 1 member
  • 100% Scandinavian, Western and Central European 1 member

Coming Results:

Currently, we are waiting for a few samples to be returned to the lab for testing: 1 R1b – DF27 SNP Pack, 1 Factoid, and 2 mtDNA Full Sequence.

From the FTDNA lab, we are waiting for the results of several tests:   1 YDNA 37 Marker,  1 YDNA 67 Marker, 1 YDNA 111 Marker (delayed),  3  Y-Hap-Backbone (3 delayed),  1 SNP Pack (delayed),  2 single SNPs (1 delayed),  5 mtDNA Full Sequence (2 delayed), 11 Factoids (11 delayed), 2 mtDNA Plus (2 delayed), and 3 Family Finders (1 delayed).  We have members who are predominantly interested in haplogroups and have not yet ordered a Family Finder.  We also have 58 kits that have taken advantage of the 3rd Party transfer offer  but are not yet unlocked.   Current members, please keep in mind you cannot be checked for inter-project matches without a completed and unlocked Family Finder test.

Do You have Iowan Roots?

As the Iowa DNA Project has grown, our membership has become increasingly varied.  As early uptakers of the FTDNA ‘Activity Feed’ it has been fantastic to see members sharing photos of their Iowa ancestors, asking questions, collaborating and sharing their successes.   Some of our members have specialized knowledge, databases and access to hard to find resources for their locale.  Our membership is not only spread across the United States, but also includes international members hoping to reconnect with missing branches of family known to have immigrated to Iowa.  Additionally, we have descendants of more recent immigrants, some who know the names of their ancestral European villages and their immigrant family’s Scandinavian farm names.

If you have Iowan roots, you are welcome to join us and encouraged to collaborate and share your family’s history and its place in the settlement of Iowa.

May 2016 Quarterly Report

The Iowa DNA Project was formed in November 2014 and has now reached 614 members.  The project is categorized as ‘geographical’, and is designed for those who have direct ancestry in Iowa, as well as those researching collateral lines that lived in Iowa. Our focus is on autosomal, aka Family Finder results, but we also have many members testing and actively researching their mtDNA and YDNA origins.

Those new to DNA testing are especially welcome and their research aims are supported and encouraged  within the project.  If you have tested with another company, you may wish to transfer your results to FTDNA and join us.  Instructions on how to transfer your raw results are available here.

Key Figures

  • Total Iowa DNA Project Members: 614
  • Family Finder Tests Completed: 502
  • Total Donations: $224  Current Balance $26
  • Average number of database wide matches per member: 853
  • Highest number of Inter-Project matches per member: 18
  • Weekly Inter-Project Match Updates
  • All Iowa Counties Represented

Nuts and Bolts

The Iowa DNA Project Surname Index can be found here.  Surnames associated with specific counties can be found in our FAQ here.  Current members, if you’ve not already uploaded a gedcom and entered your Surname and Most Distant Ancestor details, you are strongly encouraged to do so. You can get detailed instructions on how to complete your profile here.

  • Total Iowa Surnames: 895
  • Members with Family Trees: 461
  • Members with listed Surnames:  553
  • Members with listed Most Distant Ancestors: 487

Iowan Family Groups

The long term goal of the Iowa DNA Project is the inclusion of multiple generations and extended family members who have taken the Family Finder test.  These family groups assist in helping inter-project matches determine how they may be connected and which branch of their family trees to examine further to prove their connections.  In October 2015, we teamed up with Göran Runfeld of dnagen.net  to trial his ICW Tool and to map out the interconnectedness of the entire Iowa DNA project.   Below is a depiction of the current extended connections between our members. 473 nodes.png

Using the ICW Tool gives Iowa DNA Project members easy access to a variety of additional information and charts including a tabulation of our members’ Suggested Relationships.  As you can see, Iowa DNA Project members are actively recruiting close family to test.

Suggested Relationships

  • Parent/Child: 69
  • Full Siblings: 71
  • Grandparent/Grandchild/Half Siblings: 27
  • Aunt/Uncle/Niece/Nephew: 29
  • 1st Cousin: 48
  • 2nd Cousin: 95
  • 3rd Cousin: 130
  • 4th Cousin: 356

matches

More can be learned about the ICW Tool’s process and results here.   Detailed information and full access to charts and figures is available to project members.

Haplogroups

Project YDNAAs expected, the most common Y haplogroup is R and its subclades, with I and its subclades being the second most common.  To date,  34 project members have completed the Big Y test.  If you are interested in getting closer to your terminal SNP but aren’t thrilled about the price tag of the Big Y, there are reasonably priced SNP packs available to help get you further down the phylotree*.

  • R-M269: 86
  • R (excluding R-M269): 55
  • I: 46
  • E: 7
  • G: 6
  • J: 4
  • N: 3
  • B: 1
  • T: 1

More information on the project’s patriarchs and YDNA results can be found here.

*If you are unsure, check with your Haplogroup’s administrator for advice on which, if any SNP pack is suitable for you.

Project mtDNA:  The most common mtDNA continues to be H and its subclades with a variety of other haplogroups also represented.   172 project members have completed Full Mitochondrial Sequencing.

mtdna confirmed

Member Haplogroups:

  • H: 89
  • U: 28
  • I: 25
  • T: 23
  • K: 22
  • J: 14
  • V: 6
  • W: 4
  • B: 2
  • HV: 2
  • L: 2
  • HVO:2
  • C: 1
  • X: 1
  • A: 1
  • RO: 1
  • N: 1

Complete information on our project’s mtDNA matriarchs, statistics and mutations can be found here.

Declared Countries of YDNA and mtDNA Origin

Y Origins

mtdna origins

MyOrigins Leaderboard

Based on percentage points per member, the Iowa DNA Project populations are listed below in order of frequency.  Descriptions of each population cluster can be found here. For the calculator junkies, additional admixture tools can be found at Gedmatch.

On the whole, as our numbers have risen since last November, the populations seen in the project have remained at generally consistent levels with two exceptions.  Members with calculated Native American and Northeast Asian ancestry have increased.

  • British Isles 20,941
  • Scandinavia 12,048
  • Western and Central Europe 11,131
  • Southern Europe 3134
  • Eastern Europe 2228
  • Finland and Northern Siberia 664
  • Asia Minor 567
  • West Africa 291
  • Ashkenazi Diaspora 246
  • Eastern Middle East 194
  • Native American 175
  • Central Asia 169
  • Northeast Asia 120
  • (Blended Population Cluster) Eastern, Western and Central European 100
  • North Africa 68
  • East Central Africa 13
  • South-Central Africa 8

100% Club:

  • 100% British Isles 6 members
  • 100% Western and Central Europe 3 members
  • 100% Scandinavian 1 member
  • 100% Eastern, Western and Central European 1 member

Coming Results:

Currently, we are waiting for a few kits to be returned to the lab for testing: 1 Factoid, 1 mtDNA Plus, 3 mtDNA Full Sequence,  1 YDNA 12 Marker, 4 YDNA 37 Marker, 1 YDNA 111, and 1 Family Finder.

From the FTDNA lab, we are waiting for the results of several tests:   4 YDNA 37 Marker, 2 YDNA 67 Marker, 3 YDNA 111 Marker,  2 Y-Hap-Backbone,  3 SNP Packs, 1 single SNP, 2 Big Y, 11 mtDNA Full Sequence, 3 mtDNA Plus, and 3 Family Finders.  We have members who are predominantly interested in haplogroups and have not yet ordered a Family Finder.  We also have 42 kits that have taken advantage of the 3rd Party transfer offer  but are not yet unlocked.   Current members, please keep in mind you cannot be checked for inter-project matches without a completed and unlocked Family Finder test.

Do You have Iowan Roots?

Over the last 18 months, the Iowa DNA Project has experienced tremendous growth.  We have members with, “boots on the ground” in Iowa, some of who have specialized knowledge, databases and access to hard to find resources for their locale.  Our membership is not only spread across the United States, but also includes international members hoping to reconnect with missing branches of family known to have immigrated to Iowa.  Additionally, we have descendents of more recent immigrants, some who know the names of their ancestral European villages and their immigrant family’s Scandinavian farm names.

If you have Iowan roots, you are welcome to join us and encouraged to collaborate and share your family’s history and its place in the settlement of Iowa.

DNA Genealogy Experiment: Iowa DNA Project Matches

Recently, Yaniv Erlich of DNA.Land shared a graphical image of 4300 DNA.Land users that have at least one match in their new database.  The image depicted a supercluster with more than 2500 connected users where as stated by Yaniv, “one person is the cousin of another person who is the cousin of a third person who is the cousin of … and so on.”  In the discussion that ensued on ISOGG’s Facebook page, I learned that Göran Runfeldt, a software developer, hobbyist genealogist, and Administrator and developer of the dnagen.net website has been experimenting with a similar graphics tool for Family Finder Projects.

I’d previously had the pleasure of using the DNA Genealogy Experiment  tool created by Staffan Bettner and Göran  Runfeldt, which allows individual Family Finder users to view their matches and their interconnectedness in the form of colorful graphs. The tool is free, fully customizable and in depth information and instructions can be found about it at the Swedish DNA Project News.

The possibility of using a similar tool to map out the connectedness of the entire  Iowa DNA Project was very exciting indeed!

The ICW tool is still experimental but Göran generously set me up with an Iowa DNA Project ICW tool preview. For privacy, the names of project members have been stripped.  It’s Göran’s hope that in time the ICW tool will become available to all interested FTDNA project administrators who will be able to automatically create specialized graphics and charts for their members.

Currently, the Iowa DNA Project has 342 members with 245 inter-project matches.  Using the ICW tool, I was able to view various charts such as highest number of matches per kit, summaries of longest/shortest/average cM’s/segments per kit, and match related timelines and pie charts.

top20

Figure 1 Top 20 Matches

The figure above uses the Matches Bar Chart to depict 20 kits with the highest number of matches in the project.  Our project is fortunate to have several multi-generationally tested families and extended family testers. As the project administrator and sender of new match updates, I’m aware that some of these project members have matches with another project family, and that family has matches with yet another project family. Some of the matches overlap between some members of each family yet not with other members of the same family.

Using the Atlas component of the ICW tool we can visually display these connections.  It’s also possible to alter the number of nodes depicted per image, as well as to apply a multitude of filters.  In Figure 2, 45 Nodes, or project member kits are shown, including the 3 closely related families which are circled.  Other members with at least 1 project match are also shown. Lines are drawn to show connections between the family groups and their more distantly related cousins within the project.

45

Figure 2 45 Nodes

In Figure 3, 75 Nodes are shown, with each having at least 1 project match. The original families are still essentially isolated, but connections are starting to form with other kits.

75

Figure 3 75 Nodes

In Figure 4 100 Nodes are represented.

100 nodes

Figure 4 100 Nodes

At 150 Nodes, there are numerous connections between project members:

150

Figure 5 150 Nodes

Below are 245 Nodes representing all 245 project members and their matches within the Iowa DNA Project.  The originally isolated families have many connections with other project members, who are in turn also connected with one another.  When using the Atlas in the ICW tool, it is possible to mouse over each node to see the kit number as well as to magnify the entire field.

245

Figure 6 245 Nodes

As mentioned above, the tool is not yet available to all projects. It also has the current limitation of being able to process up to 1000 project members.  Göran is also working on a project which will involve, “rendering of Family Finder project Y/mt results on the more up to date ISOGG, YFull and PhyloTree haplotrees: https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/dnagen-experiment/about/results .”

For those who are already members of the Iowa DNA Project, more information about the tool and how you can access our results will be available on our project  Activity Feed.

August 2015 Quarterly Report

285 members

The Iowa DNA Project was formed at the end of November 2014 and this August has reached 285 members.  The project is ‘geographical’ in nature, and designed for those who have direct ancestors who lived in Iowa, or those who have collateral lines that lived in Iowa. Our focus is on autosomal, aka Family Finder results, but we also have members who have or are in the process of having their mtDNA and YDNA tested.

Key Figures

  • Total Iowa DNA Project Members: 285
  • Family Finder Tests Completed: 234
  • Highest number of database wide matches per member: 3000
  • Lowest number of database wide matches per member: 1
  • Average Number of Database Matches: 234
  • Inter-Project Matches: 170
  • 94 of 99 Iowa Counties Represented by members
  • Multi-Generational Family and Extended Family Testers

iowa mapNuts and Bolts

The Iowa DNA Project Surname Index can be found here.  Surnames associated with specific counties can be found here.  If you have not yet added your surname, family tree, and most distant ancestor details, please consider doing so.  You never know which piece of information may be the one to help you make the connection you need. Now that FTDNA has a SEARCH feature, locating your family lines is even easier.  Also, surnames are again auto-populated when you upload your Gedcom to FTDNA.  You no longer need to enter them manually.

  • Total Iowa Surnames: 592
  • Members with Family Trees:212
  • Members with listed Surnames: 231
  • Members with listed Most Distant Ancestors: 210

Haplogroups

Project YDNAAs expected, the most common Y haplogroup is R and its subclades, with I and its subclades the second most common.  Currently, 16 project members have completed the Big Y test.
y conf

  • R-M269: 47
  • R (excluding R-M269): 31
  • I: 20
  • G: 3
  • E: 2
  • J: 2
  • N: 2

More information on the project’s patriarchs and YDNA results can be found here.

Project mtDNA:  The most common mtDNA continues to be H and its subclades with a variety of other haplogroups also represented. Currently, 80 project members have completed Full Mitochondrial Sequencing.

Member Haplogroups:

  • H: 57
  • K: 14
  • J: 11
  • T: 10
  • U:10
  • I: 3
  • W: 2
  • V: 1

Complete information on our project’s mtDNA matriarchs, statistics and mutations can be found here.

mtdnaDeclared Countries of YDNA and mtDNA Origin

y originmt origin

MyOrigins Leaderboard

Based on percentage points per member, the Iowa DNA Project populations are listed below in order of frequency.  Descriptions of each population cluster can be found here.  Additional admixture tools can be found at Gedmatch.

  • British Isles 9929
  • Western and Central Europe 5525
  • Scandinavia 5448
  • Southern Europe 1276
  • Eastern Europe 1186
  • Finland and Northern Siberia 212
  • Asia Minor 157
  • (Blended Population Cluster) Eastern, Western and Central European 100
  • Central Asia 67
  • West Africa 94
  • Ashkenazi Diaspora 66
  • Northeast Asia 65
  • Eastern Middle East 65
  • Native American 34
  • North Africa 13
  • (Blended Population Cluster) British Isles and Western and Central Europe 1
  • East Central Africa 4
  • South-Central Africa 2

As a matter of admixture interest, there are a handful of project members who are reported as having a single MyOrigins population:

  • 100% British Isles 2 members
  • 100% Western and Central Europe 1 member
  • 100% Scandinavian 1 member
  • 100% Eastern, Western and Central Europe 1 member

Coming Results:

We are all aware of the delays in test results at FTDNA.  In a previous post, I examined the project’s backlog at FTDNA.  I am happy to report the tests referenced in the previous post have long since completed, as well as several Family Finders which were ordered after the post and completed in the expected amount of time.

As you can see, project members are active in the genetic testing arena. Currently, we are waiting for:

  • CTS9940 Batch 629
  • G SNP Pack Batch 631
  • Big Y Batch 635
  • R1b-M343 Backbone SNP Pack Batch 635
  • mtFull Sequence Batch 636
  • Y-DNA111 Batch 636
  • R1b-M343 Backbone SNP Pack Batch 634
  • Family Finder Batch 636
  • Y-DNA67 Batch 632
  • Family Finder Batch 633 (DELAYED)
  • Y-DNA111 Batch 633
  • Y-DNA67 Batch 625 (DELAYED)
  • mtFull Sequence Batch 636
  • mtFull Sequence Batch 635
  • Big Y Batch 633
  • BY250, BY251, CTS1039, CTS2791, CTS8563 Batch 632

 Do You have Iowan Roots?

I would once again like to thank the project members for their many efforts over the previous nine months, and especially their patience when I moved house over the summer and was without internet for a time.  If you would like to join the Iowa DNA Project, please visit our homepage here.  The project has converted to MyGroups and has activated its Activity Feed to encourage collaboration. The Feed may be accessed after joining and of course our links section is available to all.

Not a Real Match? An Update Using 4 Generation Phasing

updated 11 Sept 2015 to include maternal matches

You Can’t Inherit Anything from Ancestors that your Parents didn’t Give You

That seems pretty straightforward, doesn’t it?  Traits can skip generations and not be expressed, even though they may be there, hiding, in your DNA. The DNA itself, however, cannot skip generations. If your parents didn’t have it, neither can you.

When I began my DNA adventure trying to figure out who I inherited my matches from was half the fun.  Unfortunately, I knew they were only guesses and for quite a few of my matches I had no guesses at all.

My dad tested next, and when his results were in, I was able to divide my matches into 3 piles: anyone that also matched him was paternal; anyone who matched me at 10 cM or above but did not match him was maternal; anyone who only matched me between 7-10cM was tentatively considered a maternal match*.

I manage several accounts and use Genome Mate to keep track of each person’s matches. In Genome Mate, not only can I look at each profile’s matches chromosome by chromosome, but I can call up additional information by clicking any match’s name.  Rather than having to jump from profile to profile to see which matches were inherited from my paternal grandmother or only my dad, the Profile Overlaps box gives me that information at a glance:

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Karen: Figure 1

In this example on chromosome 9, my grandmother G Duffy, my dad, myself and my sons all match Karen at 13 cM.  Genome Mate allows me to apply a feature, the In Common With  (ICW) label to organize our matches.  In this same example there is a ? beside my grandmother as I don’t yet know whether she inherited that segment from her mother or father.  For my dad it is a M (maternal) match, for myself it is PGM (paternal grandmother) match and for my sons it is MGF (maternal grandfather) match.  With each match labelled, I know which quadrant of the profile’s tree to look in, no matter whose profile I am handling, to narrow down the search for a common ancestor.

Why Aren’t We Matching?

When my paternal grandmother’s results came in I was able to divide our piles even further and that was when I noticed a problem. Some of the matches I’d attributed to my maternal side, as they didn’t match my dad, matched my paternal grandmother.  When I checked my dad’s account at FTDNA, I realized it wasn’t an oversight. The matches my grandmother and I shared, and often one or both of my sons, did not appear on his Family Finder Match list.

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Howard: Figure 2

Had there been a problem with his sample?  Was it a result of no calls?  FTDNA won’t allow a match to appear unless it meets minimum requirements, and all of the matches were imported directly from our respective match lists at FTDNA.

Which Matches were Genuine?

Some DNA companies provide phasing, but FTDNA does not.  Since you can’t inherit anything your parents didn’t give you, some matches needed closer scrutiny and begged the question, “Which matches were genuine?”

The shared segment between Howard, my grandmother, my sons and I in Figure 2 is on chromosome 9  and is 9.5 cm.  Pay close attention to the start and stop points:

  • Grandmother Gladys 36-74
  • Self Lori 36-74
  • Son Jeremy 36-74
  • Son Gavan 36-76

Notice they are very similar to the start and stop points also on chromosome 9 with Karen, from Figure 1:

  • Grandmother Gladys: 33-74
  • Dad:32-74
  • Self Lori 33-74
  • Son Jeremy 32-74
  • Son Gavan 33-76

Using FTDNA’s chromosome browser, the dark colored base figure represents chromosome 9 for Gladys. The match between Gladys and Howard is represented in orange (9.5 cM at FTDNA 10.4 cM in Genome Mate) and the match with Karen (13 cM) is represented in blue.

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Figure 3 Shared segments between Gladys, Howard and Karen

Gladys, Howard and Karen appear to share an ancestor.   When looking at each match in isolation, the conclusions seem straightforward:

Manual Phasing for our match with Howard:

  • Grandmother Gladys 36-74: ? Paternal or Maternal match
  • Dad: no match at FTDNA
  • Self Lori 36-74
  • Son Jeremy 36-74
  • Son Gavan 36-76

Manual Phasing for our match with Karen:

  • Grandmother Gladys: 33-74 ? Paternal or Maternal match
  • Dad:32-74 Maternal match, although the start point was paternal DNA and not inherited from Gladys
  • Self Lori 33-74 Paternal Grandmother
  • Son Jeremy 32-74 Maternal Grandfather
  • Son Gavan 33-76 Maternal Grandfather

What’s the Problem?

For Gladys, Howard and Karen to share an ancestor, my dad can’t match with one and not the other.  Since he matches Karen for the entire 13 cM segment she shares with Gladys, but does not match Howard, it appears that Karen and Gladys are genuine matches.

Despite the size of the matching segment, Howard can be considered either a false match, or for my dad a genuine match not meeting the minimum 20 cM requirement at FTDNA.  To be certain, we would need to compare our kits at Gedmatch.  To this date, every match at FTDNA who has uploaded their kit to Gedmatch has been a match for the correct generations (example: grandmother/father/self/child) even if they are missing from the match chain at FTDNA.

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Figure 4 Chromosome 9 for Gladys showing shared segments with Howard, Karen and her son Steve.

As you can see, this wasn’t an isolated event:

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Figure 3

The shared segment between my grandmother and I in Figure 3 is 8.3 cm.

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Figure 4

The segment in Figure 4 is 8.1 cm and is shared between my grandmother, son and I.

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Figure 5

The shared segment in Figure 5 is 8.6 cm and is shared with both my sons, my grandmother and I.

Maternal Phasing

This phenomena isn’t limited to my paternal side but it is seen much less frequently in my maternal grandmother’s match list .  There are two reasons for this.  My mother has not tested which limits our phasing ability. Instead, my maternal grandmother and 2 daughters of my maternal grandfather have tested.  Also, my maternal grandmother has very few matches compared to my Irish paternal grandmother, as they have very different ethnic backgrounds.

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Leona Figure 6

In Figure 6, my grandmother Leona is compared against her daughter Jackie, myself and my two sons.  Jeremy’s stop point of 89 matches Leona’s DNA, but was not inherited from me.

A similar situation occurs in Figure 7 where my son Gavan inherits his start point from his father rather than me or his great grandmother Leona:

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Leona Figure 7

With the two daughters of my maternal grandfather added to the mix, the number of false matches rose.  Since Jackie and Diane are half sisters, and both daughters of Jim, and Jackie’s mother Leona has also tested, the group has been invaluable for weeding out false matches.  Again, for certainty, matches must be checked in a 1 to 1 comparison at Gedmatch rather than relying on FTDNA.

Chromosome 12 was chosen at random, and the process produces similar results across the board.

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Lori’s Maternal Chromosome 12

For Chromosome 12, all paternal matches have been removed. As she has tested, we automatically know which segments are inherited from Maternal Grandmother (MGM) Leona.  What isn’t inherited from her is likely inherited from Maternal Grandfather (MGF) Jim.  Since 2 of Jim’s daughters, sisters of my mother have tested, anything that matches them but not Leona can be considered a genuine MGF match.  Anything that doesn’t match Jackie or Diane, may have been inherited from my mother, is a false match, or is potentially a match not meeting the minimum FTDNA match requirement but will prove a genuine match at Gedmatch..

To determine whether a match is valid, my DNA is compared against start and stop points of known relatives:

  • Jackie 0-19 (not shared with her mother Leona=inherited from her father Jim)
  • Diane 74-102 (not Leona’s daughter=inherited from  her father Jim)
  • Jackie 102-132 (shared with her mother Leona=not inherited from her father Jim)

On Chromosome 12 all the matches except for 2 cluster neatly into groups that clearly match Jackie and Diane or Leona.  That leaves Camilla and Patricia needing closer examination.

Camilla: 48-60 10.8 cM.  She doesn’t match Leona.   Neither Jackie nor Diane and I share the 48-60 segment.  The match may be genuine, and inherited from my mother from her father Jim.

Patricia: 118-123 8.1 cM.  She doesn’t match Leona.  Jackie and I share the segment 102-132, known to be inherited from Jim, but Patricia doesn’t match Jackie. Either Patricia is a false match, or she and Jackie don’t meet the minimum 20 cM requirement at FTDNA.

With 4 generations and two pairs of half siblings tested, it becomes clear that phasing is an extremely valuable tool. Generally, I prefer to work with matches 10 cM or more, and my experiment with phasing has reinforced that idea.  However, phasing has also proven useful in confirming matches below 10cM (I have only focused on matches above 7 cM), some of which have held on through all 4 generations.

*More information about Identical by Descent inheritance can be found here.

FTDNA defines IBD as, “IBD stands for Identical By Descent. This means the DNA matches because it comes from a common ancestor. IBD can refer to a single mutation or to a segment of DNA. If a mutation or segment of DNA is IBD among a group of people, it comes from a common ancestor.

The Family Finder relationship predictions require a minimum number of results in a row to be identical in order to identify that the segment is likely to be IBD.”

and

IBS as, “IBS stands for Identical By State, meaning the DNA matches by coincidence. When two individuals share numerous individual results without being related, those results are IBS.”